• The proportion of BAME deaths in custody where restraint is a feature is over two times greater than it is in other deaths in custody
  • The proportion of BAME deaths in custody where use of force is a feature is over two times greater than it is in other deaths in custody
  • The proportion of BAME deaths in custody where mental health-related issues are a feature is nearly two times greater than it is in other deaths in custody

- Analysis of INQUEST casework and monitoring

Below is the breakdown of deaths of people of black and minority ethnicity (BAME) in custody or following other police contact and as the result of police shootings in England and Wales by calendar year (January-December) since 1990.

14% of deaths in police custody or otherwise following contact with the police since 1990 were BAME. This is proportionate to the population as at the 2011 census. However, BAME people die disproportionately as a result of use of force or restraint by the police, raising serious questions of institutional racism as a contributory factor in their deaths. 

Total BAME deaths in police custody or otherwise following contact with the police, England & Wales 1990-date
Type Metropolitan Police Other Forces Total
Custody 80 76 156
Shooting 13 3 16
All custody and shooting deaths

93

79 172

BAME deaths in police custody or otherwise following contact with the police, England & Wales 1990-date

Year Type Metropolitan Police Other Forces Total
2017 Custody 2 5 7
Shooting 4 1 5
Total 6 6 12
2016 Custody 0 3 3
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 0 3 3
2015 Custody 2 4 6
Shooting 1 0 1
Total 3 4 7
2014 Custody 1 4 5
Shooting 1 0 1
Total 2 4 6
2013 Custody 0 2 2
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 0 2 2
2012 Custody 1 0 1
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 1 0 1
2011 Custody 2 6 8
Shooting 1 0 1
Total 3 6 9
2010 Custody 1 0 1
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 1 0 1
2009 Custody 2 2 4
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 2 2 4
2008 Custody 5 3 8
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 5 3 8
2007 Custody 4 1 5
Shooting 3 0 3
Total 7 1 8
2006 Custody 4 2 6
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 4 2 6
2005 Custody 5 3 8
Shooting 2 0 2
Total 7 3 10
2004 Custody 2 0 2
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 2 0 2
2003 Custody 6 5 11
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 6 5 11
2002 Custody 6 2 8
Shooting 0 1 1
Total 6 3 9
2001 Custody 3 3 6
Shooting 1 0 1
Total 4 3 7
2000 Custody 1 3 4
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 1 3 4
1999 Custody 7 4 11
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 7 4 11
1998 Custody 3 5 8
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 3 5 8
1997 Custody 3 8 11
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 3 8 11
1996 Custody 8 1 9
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 8 1 9
1995 Custody 2 1 3
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 2 1 3
1994 Custody 5 3 8
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 5 3 8
1993 Custody 2 1 3
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 2 1 3
1992 Custody 2 3 5
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 2 3 5
1991 Custody 1 1 2
Shooting 0 1 1
Total 1 2 3
1990 Custody 0 1 1
Shooting 0 0 0
Total 0 1 1
Source: INQUEST casework and monitoring