INQUEST carries out comprehensive monitoring and collating of statistics relating to deaths in women's prisons. This data is derived from official sources and our own casework.

The table below provides a breakdown of deaths by apparent cause of death by calendar year (January-December) since 1990 and year to date for 2018.

Find out more about INQUEST's campaign to end the inappropriate use of imprisonment for women. 

Deaths in women's prisons (England & Wales) 1990-date

Year

Self-

Inflicted

Non-

Self-

Inflicted

Other Non-

natural causes

Awaiting

Classification

Total

2018 3 1 0 6 10
2017 2 3 0 3 8
2016 12 5 2 3 22
2015 5 2 1 0 8
2014 3 9 0 0 12
2013 2 4 0 0 6
2012 1 3 0 0 4
2011 2 3 0 0 5
2010 1 4 3 0 8
2009 3 4 0 0 7
2008 1 3 1 0 5
2007 7 1 0 0 8
2006 2 3 0 0 5
2005 4 2 1 0 7
2004 13 7 0 0 20
2003 14 1 0 0 15
2002 9 2 0 0 11
2001 6 1 0 0 7
2000 8 2 0 0 10
1999 5 4 0 0 9
1998 4 1 0 0 5
1997 3 1 0 0 4
1996 3 1 0 0 4
1995 2 0 0 0 2
1994 1 0 0 0 1
1993 1 1 0 0 2
1992 3 0 0 0 3
1991 0 0 0 0 0
1990 1 0 0 0 1
Total: 121 68 8 12 209

Source: INQUEST casework and monitoring


NOTES

Additionally there have been a number of self-inflicted deaths of transgender women held in men's prisons. That we are aware of, there has been one death of a transgender woman in a men's prison each year in 2018, 2017 and 2016, two in 2015, and one in 2013. Two of the self-inflicted deaths listed above (in 2006 and 2016) were of transgender women held in women's prisons.

Detailed Home Office statistics pre-1996 are not available, hence the low number of non-self-inflicted deaths INQUEST is aware of in those years. These figures do not include deaths in immigration removal centres (IRCs) and immigration detention centres (IDCs).

Figures last updated 1 November 2018.