INQUEST carries out comprehensive monitoring and collating of statistics relating to deaths in women's prisons. This data is derived from official sources and our own casework.

The table below provides a breakdown of deaths by apparent cause of death by calendar year (January-December) since 1990 and the year to date for 2019.

Find out more about INQUEST's campaign to end the inappropriate use of imprisonment for women. 

Deaths in women's prisons (England & Wales) 1990-date

Year

Self-

Inflicted

Non-

Self-

Inflicted

Other Non-

natural causes

Awaiting

Classification

Total

2019 2 1 0 1 4
2018 3 3 0 5 11
2017 2 3 0 3 8
2016 12 5 4 1 22
2015 5 2 1 0 8
2014 3 9 0 0 12
2013 2 4 0 0 6
2012 1 3 0 0 4
2011 2 3 0 0 5
2010 1 4 3 0 8
2009 3 4 0 0 7
2008 1 3 1 0 5
2007 7 1 0 0 8
2006 2 3 0 0 5
2005 4 2 1 0 7
2004 13 7 0 0 20
2003 14 1 0 0 15
2002 9 2 0 0 11
2001 6 1 0 0 7
2000 8 2 0 0 10
1999 5 4 0 0 9
1998 4 1 0 0 5
1997 3 1 0 0 4
1996 3 1 0 0 4
1995 2 0 0 0 2
1994 1 0 0 0 1
1993 1 1 0 0 2
1992 3 0 0 0 3
1991 0 0 0 0 0
1990 1 0 0 0 1
Total: 123 71 10 10 214

Source: INQUEST casework and monitoring


NOTES

Additionally, there have been a number of self-inflicted deaths of transgender women held in men's prisons. That we are aware of, there has been one death of a transgender woman in a men's prison each year in 2018, 2017 and 2016, two in 2015, and one in 2013. Two of the self-inflicted deaths listed above (in 2006 and 2016) were of transgender women held in women's prisons.

Detailed Home Office statistics pre-1996 are not available, hence the low number of non-self-inflicted deaths INQUEST is aware of in those years. These figures do not include deaths in immigration removal centres (IRCs) and immigration detention centres (IDCs).

Figures last updated 16 May 2019.